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The History of St Andrews, Scotland
The history of St. Andrews is crowded with incidents which punctuate the cavalcade of Scottish history, and the growth of Scottish institutions and culture, with the names of famous prelates, martyrs and reformers and their deeds to be found in all quarters of the town.
Of the many historical buildings of St. Andrews, first to be noted must be the Cathedral, which founded in 1160 and then consecrated in 1318, was by far the largest church in Scotland before its destruction at the reformation. The adjoining Priory was similarly the most important monastic foundation of its time. The Castle, founded in 1200 as a fortress and home of the Bishop of St. Andrews, possess the unusual feature of a bottle dungeon. From the Castle, Archbishop Beaton watched George Wishart burn at the stake, himself to perish at the hands of an assassin soon afterwards.
ST Andrews Time Line
573-600: St Regulus, Columban Missionary. [conjectural]
732-761: Relics of St. Andrew.
761-908: Culdee Community establishes Church of St. Mary on the Rock.
1071: Queen Margaret escaped across the River Forth, from forces of William the Conqueror. In gratitude she thereafter granted free passage by "Queensferry" to ilgrims to St. Andrews.
1161: Construction of St. Andrews Cathedral was begun by Bishop Arnold.
1203: The original castle was constructed by Bishop Roger as a fortress and ecclesiastical residence.
1318: Consecration of the cathedral on July 5th by Bishop Lamberton in the presence of King Robert the Bruce, who allegedly rode his horse up the central aisle.
1378: Fire consumes a large part of the cathedral, the cathedral choir and transepts.
1409: Severe storms damage the cathedral's south transept and the harbour.
1800: John Honey, a student, swims out to the wreck of the sailing vessel "Janet" and rescues the five sailors.
1832: Madras College is founded by Dr. Andrew Bell, using principles hederived while in Madras, India. The school opened in 1833.
1834: William III of Scotland confers on the Society of St. Andrews Golfers the title The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews.
1842: Martyrs Monument on the scores is erected to commemorate the Protestant martyrs Paul Craw (1433), Patrick Hamilton (1528), Henry Forrest (1533)George Wishart (1546) and Walter Myln (1558).
1868: The first recorded "hole in one" is made by Young Tom Morris during the Open Championship at Prestwick. He won the championship four years in a row;a feat which has not been equalled.
1877: St. Leonard 's School for Girls is founded. The efforts to establishedthe school being led by Miss Louisa Lumsden who became the the admistress.
1897: The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews is recognized as the governing body for the rules of golf.
1933: The first Byre Theatre is established in an old cow shed (byre).
1995: Scotland's golfers win the Alfred Dunhill Cup. John Daly sinks a 65 foot putt on the 18th green of the Old Course, to forcea tie breaker for the British Open, which he then goes on to win.
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